Founded in 1931, Central Oil and Supply is one of the largest fully integrated petroleum distributors in the United States.
Find one of our Central Station locations near you!
Keep track of important news for all of COS's Divisions!
Information about Central Oil Supply and all of its divisions.
According to The Weather Channel, we are in our "Second Severe Season," which means that Fall is notorious for severe storms and tornadoes in the south. Not only are we faced with this every Fall, but this year is exceptional in the fact that we are in an El Nino year.
In hopes that all our readers stay safe out there this season, here are some tornado safety tips if you're caught in your car.
1. Do not try to outrun a tornado.
Trying to outrun a tornado is a bad idea because tornadoes have the potential to travel over 60 mph and they don't follow road patterns. If you MUST keep driving, do so on a 90 degree angle away from the tornado. This is a good strategy to follow in order to distance yourself from the severe weather.
2. Do pull over and evacuate your vehicle.
If you see a tornado developing where you are driving, the best thing to do is to pull over and evacuate your vehicle. Seek shelter in the nearest sturdy building or storm shelter; do not hide under your car--the wind could potentially roll your car over. If there is no available shelter, find the nearest ditch or low-lying area and crouch low to the ground while covering your head with your arms.
3. Do try to find a sturdy structure for shelter.
The more walls between you and the tornado, the better off you are. Potentially sturdy structures to look for while driving are fast food restaurants and banks. Fast food restaurants usually will have a cooler that could withstand a tornado, similar to a safe in a bank.
4. Do not try to seek shelter in an underpass.
Underpasses seem like a safe place to hide during a tornado; this is actually a commonly known myth. Simply because they are above ground, underpasses can actually be a dangerous place to get caught during a tornado. Winds from a tornado can accelerate through the small spaces of an underpass, causing it to collapse or causing your car to be blown away.
5. Be aware.
This seems simple, but it is important to be aware of your surroundings and to know what parishes (or counties--depending on where you are from!) have watches and warnings issued for a tornado. Remember: a tornado watch means that there are conditions that point to tornado capabilities; a tornado warning means that a tornado has been spotted somewhere near you.
Whether you're in the DIFM business or you're a DIY kind of guy, you probably are familiar with (and absolutely can't live without) a Viscosity Correlation Chart.
Still, it can be shocking to know that a lot of people in the industry don't utilize this valuable tool.
Put simply, this chart is read horizontally. So, if you're trying to figure out what weight an AW 32 is, just find your blue ISO column and follow that all the way to the gray SAE Engine column. An AW 32 is closest to a 15 weight motor oil.
Pretty simple, huh?
As someone who used to work in customer service at an oil distributorship, you can imagine how happy I was when this chart was first introduced to me! It made life a lot easier, and today we want to share that with you. So take this chart and use it to your heart's content!
If you have any further questions about how to read this chart, please contact our Regional Sales Support Specialists at 318-388-2602.
When we think of the Fall season, many things come to mind: sweaters, beautiful foliage, and pumpkin spice everything. However, for drivers, Fall brings more dangers to the roads than one might think.
Here are 7 (yes, seven) things to look out for on the road in the next few months:
Back to School Traffic.
Fall means back to school for kids, which means more cars and buses on the roads. Drivers also need to watch out for increased pedestrian traffic in the morning and afternoon as children walk to and from school and their neighborhood bus stops.
The first rain in a few weeks can be particularly dangerous, as water pools on top of dust and oil that haven't had a chance to wash away. This makes pavement especially slippery. They say that the most dangerous time to drive is within the first ten minutes of a rain shower.
Fall foliage is certainly beautiful, but as leaves begin to fall, they litter the roads. This makes streets slick while also obscuring traffic lines and other pavement markings. They can also hide potholes and other road hazards. When you add rain to the mix, driving on leaves can be as dangerous as driving on ice.
Cold fall mornings often involve fog, which can greatly limit driving visibility and perception of distance. Fog tends to occur in low places or areas surrounded by hills, water, and trees. One common mistake drivers make in foggy weather is putting on high beams instead of low beams. High beams bounce off fog and create a glare--so always use your low beams! When driving in fog, slow down and try to stay well behind the car in front of you so you have adequate time to stop if needed.
During the fall, temperatures tend to drop dramatically during the night, which can lead to morning frost and icy spots on the road. Watch out for this on bridges, overpasses, and shaded areas of the road. We don't tend to worry about this too much in Louisiana, but this El Nino winter is forecasted to bring unprecedented cold weather.
Ah, the infamous Sun Glare! This one is a personal pet-peeve of mine. With the time change, the sun is in places you're not used to it being. And sun glare can greatly impact your sight for seconds after exposure! This makes is very hard to see pedestrians, oncoming traffic, traffic lines, and the car in front of you.
The fall season also brings an increase in deer activity (woohoo!). But deer on the road aren't quite as exciting as deer at the camp. If you are driving in a deer-heavy area, be sure to watch for darting deer, especially when driving at night.
So there you have it! 7 things to remember when you're driving this Fall season. We don't usually think of Fall as a season that's hard to drive in (Winter is a given, and Summer brings concerns of its own). So stay safe out there!
If you have any questions on products that can make your Fall driving experiences easier, please do not hesitate to call us at 318-388-2602.
You could say that today's blog is featuring an underdog-- let's shine the spotlight on a little-known oil company that has not been available in the United States until recent years.
The JX Nippon Oil & Energy Co. is a Japanese petroleum company established in 1888. The name "Eneos" was coined from the words "Energy" and "Neos," which means "New" in Greek. Their logo represents reliability and continuity with the globe in the center, and the spiral spreading outward symbolizes creativity and innovation.
In 1999, the company merged with the well-known Mitsubishi Oil. The company was called Nippon Mitsubishi Oil until 2002 when they adopted their present name.
Nippon Oil & Energy's businesses include the exploration, importation, and refining of crude oil; the manufacture and sale of petroleum products, including fuels and lubricants; and other energy-related activities. Eneos products use advanced additive and base oil technology formulated after years of research with Japanese automotive manufacturers. These products provide exceptional performance, power, and protection for a wide variety of applications including race cars, motorcycles, and street automobiles.
Nippon products are sold under the brand name ENEOS, which is also the name used for the service stations in Japan. It is the largest oil company in Japan, and in recent years has expanded its operations to other countries. Central Oil & Supply offers packaged lubricant products from the company.
For more information on the Nippon Oil brand, visit: eneos.us. For more information on the brands we carry, please call one of our Regional Sales Support Specialists at 318-388-2602.
2-cycle oils, gasoil, and bunker fuels, oh my!
There is always some confusion around the difference between conventional oils and marine oils, and which is appropriate for your marine vehicle.
First, let’s discuss the difference between 4-cycle engines and 2-cycle engines.
Most likely, you have worked with both types of engines. The engine that is in your car and other personal and/or heavy duty motor vehicles is going to be a 4-cycle engine, and 2-cycle engines are found in chainsaws, motorcycles, weed-wackers, and lawnmowers.
Both 2-cycle engines and 4-cycle engines are found in marine vehicles. 2-cycle engines are used for their lightweight and easy-to-repair nature. 4-cycle engines are used for their quiet, smooth, and trolling abilities.
2-cycle oils are meant to be mixed with the fuel in your 2-stroke engine. The fuel and oil mix, (usually ranges from 16:1 to 100:1), and they work together to keep your 2-cycle engine functioning properly because of how a 2-stroke engine runs.
4-stroke engines, however, do not use an oil/gas mixture. Most people see this as an advantage to using a 4-stroke engine. Because of this, many people have the misconception that they can use conventional oil in their 4-stroke marine applications. Please note that 4-stroke marine oil is still necessary for its anti-corrosion properties.
The most important thing when choosing a marine oil is to know what application you are working with. At Central Oil & Supply we carry both 2-stroke and 4-stroke marine oils. It is essential to know what type of engine you have in your marine vehicle in order to choose the correct marine oil.
For more information on what type of marine oil best suits your summer activities, please call one of our Regional Sales Support Specialists at 1-800-883-8081.
Everyone at COS and Central Station wants to wish you a very happy summer! We hope it’s off to a good start, and today’s blog is all about what you need to do before you enjoy that vacation you’ve been planning for months! Nobody wants to start off his or her family vacation with a breakdown! Tune-ups, oil changes, battery checks, and tire rotations will go a long way in making sure you don’t start your vacation off on a bad foot.
Here are 6 (yes, six) maintenance checks to remember before you hit the road:
1. Check your Tires
We suggest you check your tire pressure, tread wear, and your spare tire. It’s completely normal for your tires to lose air over time—tires do not need to be punctured to lose air. It’s also important to remember that the number listed on the tire itself is not the correct pressure for your vehicle. Under inflation is the leading cause of tire failure, so don’t forget to check your air!
When you’re checking the air in your tires, also be sure to look for wear on the tread. If the tread is worn down to 2/32 of an inch, it’s time to replace those tires.
How do you tell, you ask? Just use the penny test!
Place a penny in the tread with Lincoln’s head upside down. If you can see top of his head, your vehicle needs new tires! And, if you find uneven tread wear, it means that your tires need to be rotated and/or your wheels need aligning.
2. Check your Wiper Blades
After all that ice and snow (yes, SNOW in Louisiana!) we had this winter, it’ll be necessary for you to check the wear and tear on your wiper blades. If your wipers look like they need some TLC, just toss ‘em. That means it’s time for new ones, anyway!
3. Look at your Cooling System (Antifreeze)
Your radiator needs water and antifreeze to keep your engine functioning properly, especially in the hotter months. When your car is cold (meaning, it hasn’t been running recently), carefully check the coolant level to make sure that the reservoir is full.
Also please note that if your coolant looks clear (it should be bright neon yellow or red, depending on your vehicle), it is time to have the cooling system flushed and refilled. The big red flag here is if your coolant looks sludgy—immediately take your vehicle to a mechanic if this is the case.
(For more information on coolant and which one you need for your car, please see our blog dedicated completely to antifreeze!)
4. Look at your Fluid Levels
By fluids, we mean: look at your oil, transmission, power steering, and windshield washer fluids!
Make sure your reservoirs are full! And if there is any sign of leakage, its probably better to go ahead and take your vehicle in the be serviced.
5. Check your Lights!
Don’t forget to make sure all your lights are working properly! Check your turn signals, headlights, brake lights, emergency flashers, and interior lights! Also, if you’re towing a trailer, don’t forget to look at the brake lights and turn signals on those, as well.
6. Look at Belts and Hoses
Be sure to inspect your belts and hoses to make sure there are no bulges, cracks, blisters, or cuts in the rubber. If you see signs of these things starting, it’s better to get those replaced now because hot temperatures will only exacerbate these problems.
And there you have it! Six important maintenance checks to do before you burn rubber! For more information, please call 1-800-883-8081.
Ever wondered what those numbers mean on your oil can? And have you ever wanted to know what the “W” stands for, anyway?
You’re in the right place!
Today, we’re talking about oil viscosities and what they mean to you.
On every bottle of motor oil, there is a seal that gives you three pieces of information: The API service rating, the viscosity rating, and the “Energy Conserving” indicator.
The API Service rating is going to tell you the type of engine the oil is meant for (gasoline or diesel). It will also tell you the quality level.
The viscosity grade (for example, 5w30), tells you the oil’s thickness, or viscosity. A thin oil has a lower number, and therefore will flow more easily, whereas a thicker oil has a higher number. Think of the difference between water and honey. Honey has a higher viscosity than water. 10w30 oil is thicker than 5w20.
So how is viscosity measured?
Viscosity is measured in centistokes, and according to the Automotive and Industrial Lubricants Glossary of Terms:
Viscosity is ordinarily expressed in terms of the time required for a standard quantity of the fluid at a certain temperature to flow through a standard orifice. The higher the value, the more viscous the fluid. Since viscosity varies inversely with temperature, its value is meaningless unless accompanied by the temperature at which it is determined. With petroleum oils, viscosity is now commonly reported in centistokes (cSt), measured at either 40 degrees Celsius or 100 degrees Celsius.
This centistoke rating is then converted into the SAE weight designation. (visit: superiorlubricants.com/classtable.html to see this chart).
Multi-weight oils (such as 5w30, 15w40, etc.) are a new invention made possible by adding polymers to oil. The polymers allow the oil to have different weights at different temperatures. The first number indicates the viscosity at a cold temperature, and the second number indicates the viscosity at operating temperature.
Ever wonder what the “W” stands for?
It stands for winter!
This is used in the weight classification of the oil to indicate that the first number gives a picture of what the viscosity will be in the winter.
So how do you know what weight of oil to use in your vehicle? Always use what your OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) recommends.
For more information on different oil weights, and what is best for you, please call one of our lubricant experts at 1-800-883-8081.
Sources: shell.com; auto.howstuffworks.com
Schaeffer Manufacturing Company was founded in 1839 by Nicholas Schaeffer, a German-born, soap and candle maker. Schaeffer Manufacturing Company is the oldest lubricants manufacturer in America and is known today for their premium quality of oils. And although Schaeffer is known today for their PCMO lubricants, Schaeffer Manufacturing mainly sold axle greases in their early days in the mid-1800s.
We were actually very impressed to learn that wagon wheels of many travelers to the California gold fields were greased with Schaeffer axle grease! It was this application that catapulted the company as a full-fledged lubricant manufacturer and marketer.
Schaeffer also found itself as an important part of history in the mid-19th century; it had become the main supplier of lubricants for the steam engines and steam cylinders that were so instrumental in steamboat-traded goods and imports in the 1800s.
Finally, with the rise of industrial plants in America in the late-1800s, Schaeffer was there to keep this new industry running. By this time, Schaeffer had their original line of lubricants for sale: Red Engine Oil, made of animal fats, was used by steamboats that piled the Mississippi , Missouri, and Ohio Rivers, and Black Beauty, a grease that lubricated the wheels of buggies and wagon trains rolling west.
Perhaps the most impressive part of this company’s rich history is the fact that through World War 1, the Roaring ‘20’s, the Great Depression, and World War 2, Schaeffer Manufacturing Company still managed to thrive.
“Don’t let our 170 years fool you—we are a very progressive company,” says John Schaeffer Shields. The company offers a line of semi-synthetic oils that gives customers the benefits of a synthetic at a price just above conventional products. Schaeffer also provides additives, oil analysis, in-house seminars, and offers a partnership, not just products, to their customers.
Are you a faithful user of our Delta Pride Tractor Hydraulic? Or do you prefer our Premium Tractor Hydraulic? Well, we're here to teach you about both today!
The primary function of hydraulic fluid is to convey power. In use, however, one of the main functions that affects so many at their job is to protect the hydraulic machine components in their equipment. Whether that means protection for a tractor’s hydraulic components or for the hydraulics systems at an industrial plant, many people’s jobs depend on how well their equipment runs!
And here’s an interesting fact: the original hydraulic fluid, which dates back to the time of ancient Egypt, was water. Yes, you heard us right! Beginning in the 1920s, mineral oil became the primary hydraulic lubrication method. Even today, most hydraulic fluids are based of mineral oil base stocks.
Other base stocks commonly used in hydraulic oils include canola oil (used for biodegradability), glycol, esters polyalphaolefins, propylene glycol, and silicone oils (all used for fire resistance and extreme temperature applications).
On top of all the different base stocks there are to choose from, there are also detergent/non detergent, antiwear/non antiwear hydraulic fluids, and different viscosities to choose from. So how do you choose the right one for your equipment, you ask?
There are two main criteria to keep in mind when choosing the hydraulic fluid for your equipment. The first is the pump design type and their required viscosity grades. The three major design types of pumps used in hydraulic systems are vane, piston, and gear. Each type is used for a certain task, and each pump type requires different specifications. Vane pumps are the most expensive to maintain because of the vanes can become worn due to the internal contact between two surfaces. Piston pumps are your typical hydraulic pump, and they are more durable in design. Finally gear pumps are typically the most inefficient of the three types of pumps, but are the most agreeable to larger amounts of contamination. It is important to know what type of pump your hydraulic system uses to determine the hydraulic fluid needed.
Also, it is important to know your application. Are you operating a dump truck? Or do you have a clean, critical, and highly loaded system? Clean, critical applications require premium hydraulic fluids (an AW—Anti Wear, or an R&O—Rust & Oxidation might be the right fit). Be sure to check the operating temperature of the pump to see if it falls between the lubricant in question.
Finding your perfect hydraulic is not hard, but it does require time and research. Don’t be afraid to ask questions! At Central Oil, we have experts waiting to help you with all of your lubrication needs. Don’t hesitate to call us at 1-800-883-8081.
Sources: machinerylubrication.com; Givens W. and Michael P. Fuels and Lubricants Handbook. G. Totten ed. ASTM International 2003 p. 373; Placek, D. Synthetics, Mineral Oils & Bio-Based Lubricants, L. Rudnick ed. CRC Press, 2006. P. 519.